This clip is from an episode of the No Such Thing as a Fish podcast, which is a very funny podcast about interesting and surprising facts.

Anna is talking about a man from Mumbai who is suing his parents for giving birth to him without his consent.

If she before he , definitely wouldn't .
If she had him before he born, she definitely wouldn't done .

…If she had met him before he was born, she definitely wouldn’t have done it

This sentence is an example of a third conditional, which is used to talk about the hypothetical/unreal past.

The structure of a third conditional is: If + past perfect, would have + past participle

e.g. If I had studied for the exam, I would have passed. In reality, I didn’t study and as a result I failed the exam.

Notice the weak/unstressed pronunciation of ‘had’ as /əd/ and ‘have’ as /əv/ – this is common in third conditional sentences.

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#41 0

This clip is from an episode of The Allusionist, which is a wonderful podcast all about language.

The speaker is talking about his work as a hand engraver – cutting text or designs into objects (usually jewellery) by hand. The speaker has a London accent.

And . .
And there's still for us it's it's . We're people do London.
And for us there's still out there for us it's it's a dying trade. We're the youngest people still do it London.

…it’s a dying trade

If someone refers to a job or profession as a dying trade, then they are saying that it is disappearing due to a lack of demand or need for it.

Photo by Jacek Dylag on Unsplash.

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#40 0

This clip is from an episode of The Allusionist, which is a wonderful podcast all about language.

The speaker is talking about the way that the word ‘please’ is sometimes used differently in British and American English.

I say please person I , shouldn't this?
Every I say please to American person I , maybe I shouldn't doing this?

Photo by Artem Beliaikin on Unsplash.

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#39 0

This clip is from an episode of the Adam Buxton Podcast, which is a brilliant, funny and interesting conversational podcast. This episode features an interview with singer-songwriter John Grant.

John and Adam are discussing how they cope with long journeys.

, , Eurostar Paris.
Well, I I'd long day , then I go straight Eurostar Paris.
Well, I mean I'd had a long day of interviews, then I was booked go straight to Eurostar in Paris.

…Well, I mean

These are examples of fillers – words or phrases that we add to sentences while we think or organise our ideas. These are very common in natural spoken English, and an important listening skill is identifying and then ignoring fillers.

…I’d had a really long day

Notice the weak/contracted pronunciation of the past perfect in this sentence: /aɪd hæd/ rather than /aɪ hæd hæd/.

Photo by Victor Lam on Unsplash.

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